Saturday, 18 May 2013

Inventions found in the late 19th century




How did new inventions in the late 19th to the early 20th century change the lives of people in Europe or in North America? You must discuss no more and no fewer than two to three items.

                                                  

                                                            Pictures of inventions


                              This is the picture of steam power plant in the late 19th century


                                                                107 old light bulb

                                                       An old telephone


  Note: Remember that these are old ones and there are new advanced technologies on these.


Prior the period 19th century, many inventors from North America and Europe discovered  many inventions that are exposed to the world nowadays. These inventions having their effect on the people as it change the lives of people in Europe or in North America. The following essay would discuss the three inventions which are the steam engine, light bulb and telephone and its effect on the lives of the people in Europe or North America.
To begin with, steam engine is one of the invention that was invented by some genius inventors and this actually changed the lives of people in Europe or North America.  There are three types of steam engines that were invented in Europe. The crude steam engine was the first to be invented by Thomas Savery  in the year 1650-1715[1]. Thomas Newcomen then later having an invention on steam engine in the year 1663-1729 and he named this invention as newcomen steam engine but his invention is not booming[2]. This type of steam engine used the force of atmospheric pressure to do the work as it pumped steam into the cylinder[3]. James Walt from Britain is the third inventor of a real steam engine in the year 1736-1819 and his discovery almost dominate the world by the 20th century onward[4]. The steam engine actually change the lives of people in Europe especially those people who they were working in industries. This where it gives a chance to the working class people in Europe in minimizing their jobs within the industry as a machine that processing things in the industry was running and operated by the steam power[5]. In this case, the working class having less job to do comparing with those of the past decade as people must use their man power to do their job. Steam engine also changed the people's lives in Europe as most of the people found that they can easily travelling from one places to another using a plane, car, trains and ships as these things functioned by a steam engine as well[6].
Furthermore, light bulb is also one of the inventions that invented by some of inventors in those early centuries. The first light bulb was invented in the period 1800 by Humphry Davy an English scientist, but his invention was not quite successful then Thomas Alva Edison discovered later a more advanced technique on a light bulb in the 1802 - 1879[7]. Edison's invention on light bulb is definitely successful where this light bulb consisting of an evacuated glass bulb that containing a filament made from a carbonized cotton thread and this was definitely have a great demanding by people in Europe at that time[8]. Before the light bulb found, the people of Europe and North America where always used the candles or sometimes the fireplace to make a light in their homes and their indoor activities such as reading, sewing and working were more limited to daylight hours[9]. After the discovery of light bulb, people in homes, workplaces and public places realized the conveniences that light bulbs offered. The people indoor activities are always available for them as this source of light actually provide a more perfect lighting in each particular homes in Europe[10]. Light bulb also very essential to stores, factories and various types of businesses as it actually gains them more profit. Workers employed in those particular places also having a chance to gain more wages as their working hours is increase for their late working in the night[11].
Moreover, telephone is also one of the inventions that also changed the lives of people in Europe or North America. The telephone was absolutely invented by Antonio Meucci in the year 1871 but fail to patent his invention as he cannot afford a $250.00 fee[12]. Two years later in 1874 Alexander Graham Bell who shared a laboratory  with Meucci paid a patent for a telephone and declared it as his own invention[13]. Before the telephone introduced, the only electric telecommunication between people in Europe and North America is the a telegraph[14]. The telegraph was hardly to use by people as you have to memorize codes for letters of the alphabet as information came directly into different code so from this where it making people having limited means of communication[15]. When the telephone was recovered and introduced by Bell then the people of Europe and North America actually find Bells invention to be very important as this made them more accessible to communicate with their family from another place through the telephone communication system[16].

In conclusion, the following inventions shown above are actually important to the people of Europe and even the government. Without the steam engine people were working in industries cannot even provide lots of their output and the government could not also gained higher profit as industries cannot provide the government with many product. The steam engine allowed people to travel to other places by planes, ships and many other transportation that operated by steam power. The invention on the light bulb actually important for people in Europe and in North America as the people might doing their own indoor activities late in the night time and the invention on the telephone is also very much important to the people as it makes an easy communication between them if they are in far places.


[1] http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blsteamengine.htm
[2] ibid
[3] ibid
[4] http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/british/brit-5.html
[5] http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20101117062845AAZ9o20
[6] http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/systems/agentsheets/New-Vista/automobile/
[7] http://askville.amazon.com/light-bulb-invented/AnswerViewer.do?requestId=15977330
[8] ibid
[9]  http://www.ehow.com/list_7602066_uses-light-1800s.html#ixzz2SUrodZdX
[10] ibid
[11] ibid
[12] http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/agbell.htm
[13] ibid
[14] http://wiki.answers.com/Q/why_was_the_telephone_invented
[15] ibid
[16] ibid


Bibliography

" Who invented the steam engine and how was it used during the industrial revolution?, viewed 5 May, 2013. http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20101117062845AAZ9o20


" Why was the telephone invented?, viewed 5 May, 2013. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/why_was_the_telephone_invented

 

Bull, J and Same, U. n.d, " Inventions and Discoveries" Online posting, n.d, Reading, viewed 5 May 2013,  http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/british/brit-5.html

" The History of the Automobile, viewed 5 May, 2013. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/systems/agentsheets/New-Vista/automobile/

John, D. n.d, " When was the light bulb invented?" Online posting, n.d, Reading, viewed 5 May 2013,  http://askville.amazon.com/light-bulb-invented/AnswerViewer.do?requestId=15977330

 

Paul, S.1999, " The History of Steam Engines" Online posting, 15 August 2007, Reading, viewed 5 May 2013,  http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blsteamengine.htm

 

Robin, L. n.d, " The Telephone: Antonio Meucci & Alexander Graham Bell, viewed 5 May, 2013. http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/agbell.htm


" Uses of Light Bulbs in the 1800s, viewed 5 May, 2013. http://www.ehow.com/list_7602066_uses-light-bulbs-1800s.html#ixzz2SUrodZdX












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